The unique genetics of redwoods.

Chris Brinegar and his team have begun to unlock the mystery of what lies inside the genetic code of the redwood tree, and it's a  mind blower. "Their results suggest that the coast redwood most likely became a hexaploid in the Cretaceous period (~144 – 65 million years ago)" More wood can be produced by an acre of redwood trees than any other tree species. 

It is suspected that coast redwoods were at one time the world's largest trees logging removed the evidence it is assumed. The maximum potential height of coast redwoods is thought to be limited to somewhere around 400 plus feet (121.9m), as evapotranspiration is insufficient to transport water to leaves beyond this height. Fog, which is typically present in the tree's natural environment may allow even greater heights.   

The coast redwood is the only known hexaploid conifer ever discovered.

The Redwood Genome story 

 http://www.genomenewsnetwork.org/articles/08_00/redwood_genome.shtml

I grew up in the redwoods in the Santa Cruz mountains and always felt amazed at the size of their massive groves. One of my favorite hikes was the back door into Henry Cowell Redwood State Park in Felton Ca.  

General Fremont tree located in Henry Cowell redwood state park.  

General Fremont tree located in Henry Cowell redwood state park.  

The Pioneers- Excerpt

Three pioneers of arborsculpture lived under widely different circumstances and all became gripped with the idea of shaping live trees. Each man applied this idea according to his own inner directive to become the first known arborsculptors on Earth.

John Krubsack was a prominent bank president in the small town of Embarrass, Wisconsin, US. (The town got its name from the French word embarras meaning "tangle," since it was a place where logs floating downstream to the mill would become tangled.) He was also a naturalist who farmed and made cheese, and landscaped his property long before that was a common practice. His house was the first in his whole area to have running water. He also was skilled at piecing together furniture from found branches. He'd scour the local river flats with a yardstick and a saw looking for just the right shaped piece of blue beech, a hardwood tree with a smooth, wavy bark and a beautiful blue color when varnished. John would take his youngest son Hugo with him on these weekend wood-hunting excursions, and it was during one of his trips that the idea first came to him to grow his own chair. 

John Krubsack 1911

John Krubsack 1911

In a letter sent to his nephew Dennis in 1975, Hugo described his father's announcement of the living chair:

"One day after showing the beech furniture to a friend, a Walter Glen, the president of the F.W.D. Co. at Clintonville, a nearby town, Mr. Glen called the work fantastic. Then here is what I will never forget for [it was] the birth of the grown chair. My father told Glen, 'Dammit, one of these days I am going to grow a piece of furniture that will be better and stronger than any human hands can build.' Glen replied, 'John, that I have got to see!', a remark I never forgot." From: "Arborsculpture Solutions for a Small Planet"